This article will examine the Hopwood decisions. Part II will review the factual and legal history behind the case. Part III will discuss the District, Circuit, and Supreme Court decisions. Finally, Part IV will critique these decisions and offer a view into the future for affirmative action admissions policies.
Garfield, Leslie Yalof, "Hopwood v. Texas: Strict in Theory or Fatal in Fact" (1997). Pace Law Faculty Publications. Paper 520.