Local municipalities have broad authority to regulate land use as provided in state legislation. Like all higher forms of legislation, state law occasionally preempts local legislatures from enacting laws. Generally preemption is appropriate when the area to be regulated by the local laws is comprehensively regulated by state law, the uniformity of the state law will benefit the localities, and inconsistencies in local law are harmful to land owners and municipalities. This article discusses the pros and cons of state preemption on various types of land use regulation.
John R. Nolon and Jessica A. Bacher, 'Saddle Rock': Preemption of Local Land Use Prerogatives, New York Law Journal, Oct. 15, 2003, at 5.