The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), pursuant to its authority under the Clean Water Act, has promulgated regulations creating the Storm Water Management Program. Contrary to the overall Clean Water Act scheme, which focuses on reducing pollution from point sources, the program has the objective of reducing non-point source water pollution. However, this program is not without controversy as heavy burdens are placed upon local governments, who themselves lack the financial resources, manpower, or technology to implement a complex federal system without federal or state assistance.
John R. Nolon, Local Land Use: Decision Expands Federal Government's Role, N.Y. L.J., Apr. 16, 2003, at 5, http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/lawfaculty/697/.