Challenges to the expansion of local initiatives aimed at local environmental protection question the powers delegated to municipal governments from the state. New York case precedent suggests that express and implied police power authority conferred from the state to municipalities is a broad concept and includes the power to protect natural resources, scenic views, and other environmental concerns. Through the use of this power, localities are better able to meet the environmental challenges they are faced with by using innovative grass-roots initiatives
John R. Nolon, Local Protection: Raising a Matter of 'Sovereign Concern', N.Y. L.J., Oct. 17, 2001, at 5, http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/lawfaculty/705/.