In this paper the concepts of leadership and heroism are defined, discussed, and compared. The concepts are then integrated to form an orientation toward leadership known as heroic leadership. A model of heroic leadership consisting of five major dimensions including character, work orientation, risk-taking and reward orientation, relating to others, and organizational impact is then presented and discussed. Major sub-elements for each dimension are also identified and examined. The implications for leadership in non-heroic organizational settings are highlighted.
Morrow, Ira J., "Defining a New Type of Organizational Leadership: The Heroic Leader" (1999). Faculty Working Papers. Paper 22.