Development of the Behaviorally-Oriented Self-esteem Scale (BOSE) for adolescents

Nancy Baird, Pace University


Self-esteem is a widely-studied construct that has been correlated to numerous achievements throughout the life-cycle. A search of the literature, however, revealed several problems in identifying and measuring this construct. The current project produced a behaviorally-oriented, multidimensional scale to measure self-esteem in adolescents. The BOSE was developed after the search of the literature indicated that the inclusion of a behavioral indicator of self-esteem was essential to an accurate measurement of the construct. It includes items that are positively correlated with attributional style and another overall self-concept scale and items that are negatively correlated with depression. The BOSE is easy to administer and score and should prove to be a useful tool both in clinical settings as well as in schools to help identify adolescents at-risk and to chart progress of interventions. Further research should be directed at the BOSE's potential use with pre-adolescents.

Subject Area

Psychological tests|Developmental psychology|Behaviorial sciences|Academic guidance counseling

Recommended Citation

Baird, Nancy, "Development of the Behaviorally-Oriented Self-esteem Scale (BOSE) for adolescents" (1996). ETD Collection for Pace University. AAI9627192.



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