Original document was submitted as an honors thesis requirement. Copyright is held by the author.

Document Type



The human has caused a far greater impact on the planet's biodiversity than any other species in existence, due to the impact of population, afflluence, and technology. This thesis will argue the importance of biological diversity and how affluent populations are reducing biodiversity through the consumption of meat, electronics, and motor vehicles. Aldo Leopold's "The Land Ethic" and Herman Daly's "The Impossibility Theorem", among others, create a rubric evaluating human activities and provide alternative views on economic impossibilities. Consumption is reviewed from an ecocentric perspective, a holistic outlook placing emphasis on the ecosystem. The reader will become cognizant of their impact through a presentation of these product's life cycles and its impacts. The literature review is complemented by a minor piece of social research in the form of a one-on-one interview with a Pace University economics professor.