Language and Ethnicity in Eastern Central Europe: A Case Study of Hungary


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This paper focuses on the demands of various ethnic groups living under the Hapsburg monarchy for cultural and political autonomy. Among these minorities a common language was often seen as a basis for cultural and ethnic identity. In his Shaping of a Natural Identity (1978), Magocsi notes that, in the case of neighboring ethnic groups, influences from different cultures may provoke nationalistic tendencies expressed in language and culture. This was most likely the case of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which has long been a meeting place for Germans, Hungarians, Jews, Poles, Ukrainians, and other peoples.

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