The following research paper analyzes the impact of national and municipal environmental standards on the development of effective Solid waste management systems in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The research is essential in ensuring that there are notable positive changes in the disposal of solid waste by both the local government and the national government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The following paper follows a strategic plan and procedure in ensuring achievement of the goal and purpose of the research. The approach used in this paper is a comparison of the current local system and a proposed improvement of some of the legal laws surrounding Saudi Arabia’s environmental laws and regulations and the implementation of these laws in both the country’s local and national governments. The research relies on data collected from the legal documents and policies on waste by Jeddah’s city and government management authority. The findings reveal the origin and impact of solid wastes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the environmental laws surrounding the disposal of waste, the challenges faced in the disposal of waste, and some of the changes and adjustments that the legal system in the country can put in place to ensure protection of environment. Some of these challenges include the negative effect of urbanization and the threat it posed in the collection of data and lack of proper coordination between both local and national government proved a challenge in ensuring provision of proper information. The conclusion reached in this paper is that Jeddah city lacks proper coordination from both the national government and local government in ensuring proper disposal of waste. Therefore, new laws distinguishing roles and responsibilities between both local and national governments are required.
Raed Bin Sadan, Impact of National and Municipal Environmental Standards on the Development of Effective Solid Waste Management Systems in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Sept. 2021) (SJD dissertation, Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University), http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/lawdissertations/25/.