This exploration of local preservation law and practice recognizes the critical influences of federal, state, and regional governments. Local governments are instruments of state governments; municipalities derive their authority from state statutes. Extensive control over land use has been given to localities, but important powers have been retained. State governments are the partners of federal agencies that are charged with protecting environmental resources that are subject to federal jurisdiction. The land use system that has evolved over the last century in this country is intensely intergovernmental and interdependent. While this system was not designed as a whole and is often fragmented in its operation, these interconnections are many and important. This chapter identifies, explains, and explores the intergovernmental aspects of the subject from the bottom up, looking at them from the perspective of local control.
John R. Nolon, Land Preservation, in Environmental Law Practice Guide: State and Federal Law (Michael B. Gerrard ed., 2003), http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/lawfaculty/604/.