This article dedicates itself to highlighting the benefits of alternative dispute resolution. Through the use of mediation and other flexible alternative dispute resolution methods, many conflicts can be resolved without the use of expensive and timely litigation. In turn, court workloads are relieved and cooperation is fostered among neighbors, companies, and other groups or organizations that would have otherwise resorted to litigation to solve a dispute. Negotiations that involve process experts, such as mediators and facilitators, often diffuse disputes by introducing a cooperative, rather than an adversarial attitude. Government is beginning to embrace alternative dispute resolution and legislatures are passing statutes to help encourage cooperation between opposing legal parties in a large variety of contexts.
John R. Nolon, Mediation as a Tool in Local Environmental and Land Use Controversies, N.Y. L.J., Aug. 18, 1999, at 5, http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/lawfaculty/719/.