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This article makes the case for food security law and policy as a component of global environmental law in recognition of the global economy, trade liberalization, and concerns for food safety and environmental harm. It further describes rule of law as a significant force in mitigating food safety concerns and pollution in China. Part II explores global food safety concerns in the context of United States-China relations, while Part III discusses the U.S. Food & Drug Administration's on-the-ground presence in China as an example of the emergence of cooperative agreements in global environmental governance. Part IV shows how increased rule of law may mitigate environmental harm and food safety concerns in China. The article concludes by arguing that increased international cooperation on traditionally domestic issues is both likely and desirable, and it illustrates the need for increased rule of law efforts in the developing world.