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This article analyzes several specific aspects of the current refugee legal regime in Sub-Saharan Africa in order to assess how the institution of asylum, considered the traditional solution for both individuals and groups who are obliged to flee their countries of citizenship, is legally perceived and applied. The analysis will focus on the 1969 African Union Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, the pillar for refugee protection in SSA and "considered the most generous and flexible international agreement on refugee protection."