The recession hit cities hard. Basic municipal staffs and services are being cut, debt is being restructured, capital projects delayed, and other cost cutting measures reported. The Congressional Budget Office reports that by November of last year there were 241,000 fewer municipal employees than there were three years earlier when the recession began. In its most recent report from city finance officers, the National League of Cities states that city spending cutbacks since 2009 are the largest since the survey was first taken, over twenty-five years ago. Despite this serious trend, municipalities have not defaulted in debt payment and there are few municipal bankruptcies. There is evidence that the horizon is clearing in some parts of the country for cities.
Jennie C. Nolon & John R. Nolon, Land Use for Economic Development in Tough Financial Times, 40 Real Est. L.J. 237 (2011), available at http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/lawfaculty/843/.