This article argues that existing international laws of war are inadequate and need to be adjusted and clearly defined to include cyber attacks involving state and non-state actors. Part II of this article describes the different forms and increasing use of cyber attacks in international conflicts. Part III focuses on the importance and relevance of non-state actors in the international community and today’s asymmetric battlefield. Part IV discusses the applicability of current international laws of war to cyber attacks. Part V of this article suggests ways in which current international law can be improved to include and regulate cyber attacks involving state and non-state actors.
Christopher D. DeLuca, The Need for International Laws of War to Include Cyber Attacks Involving State and Non-State Actors, 3 Pace Int’l L. Rev. Online Companion 278 (2013).