Relationships among infant feeding practices, parent -child relationship and child competencies
The study explored the relationship between feeding practices and development, as well as feeding practices and parent-child relationship outcomes. Ninety-one mothers, ages 22 to 48 years, were assigned to either a breastfed or formula-fed group based on their history of feeding their children. The breastfed group included 58 mothers (they breastfed for at least two weeks) and the formula-fed group included 33 mothers. The children ranged from 13 months to 47 months. The breastfed group had significantly older children than the formula-fed. The mothers completed questionnaires following consent that included: a demographics inventory, the Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale (breastfed group), the Maternal Breastfeeding Evaluation Scale-Revised (formula-fed group), the Parenting Stress Index-Long Form and the Child Development Inventory. The results suggested that mothers who breastfed for 7 months or longer, had a significantly better perception of their breastfeeding success. The contributing factors were also significant. These mothers had a positive perception of their maternal enjoyment and role attainment as well as a positive body image, infant satisfaction and growth. The mothers who breastfed up through 6 months had lower scores and therefore more concerns regarding their infant's growth as well as negative perceptions about their changed lifestyle and maternal body image.
Garziano, Jacqueline, "Relationships among infant feeding practices, parent -child relationship and child competencies" (2006). ETD Collection for Pace University. AAI3234456.
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