The Problem of Evil
: War, disease, genocide, torture, earthquakes, terrorism, famine, and despair have plagued humanity throughout its history. How can such evils exist in a world created by an all-powerful and all-loving God? This dilemma, which has been presented to monotheists, is known as the problem of evil. If God is all loving, God must wish to abolish evil; and if God is all powerful then God must be able to abolish evil. Philosophers and theologians have responded to the problem of evil with theodicies, or attempts to justify God's righteousness. In "The Problem of Evil," I discuss two theodicies developed within the Christian tradition; one that attempts to justify the righteousness of God by looking to the origins of humanity, the other, considers the destiny of humanity to be the key to this issue.
Esposito, Nicholas, "The Problem of Evil" (2005). Honors Independent Research Papers. 9.