In Chicago, Illinois--and in courtrooms across the United States--judicial misconduct has affected trial outcomes as long as there have been trials. While Judge Julius Hoffman's conduct in the “Chicago Eight” trial is an egregious example of judicial behavior toward criminal defendants, this piece's examination of at least ten different categories of misconduct in dozens of cases makes the argument that misbehavior by judges is less of an exception to the rule of impartiality than the thinking public might know. In considering these brazen examples, practitioners and academics alike can evaluate how to best confront the extent to which conduct like Judge Hoffman's permeates our justice system.
Bennett L. Gershman, Judging Judges Fifty Years After – Was Judge Julius Hoffman’s Conduct so Different?, 50 Loy. U. Chi. L.J. 839 (2019).