Document Type



The forever wild language of Article XIV of the New York State Constitution has sparked debate and controversy ever since its enactment. This paper examines how the Forest Preserves affect wildlife contained within the “wild forest lands” protected under Article XIV. Through examining the history of the article’s adoption it becomes clear that wildlife concerns were a chief motivating factor in preserving these forests. The paper then examines how wildlife is managed in New York, and discusses certain practices that may have implications on the “forever wild” designation. The economic and social benefits of hunting, fishing, and hiking for New York are then examined and it is argued that by increasing their support base the State can further ensure the conservation ideals enacted through the original promulgation of the Forest Preserve will continue to last for another hundred years.