Document Type



The language of Article XIV of the New York State Constitution has been the focus of a contentious debate over the years: What can be done with the lands within the Forest Preserve without violating the provision to keep the lands “forever wild”? In particular, how does Article XIV treat preservation of historic sites and archaeological resources within the Forest Preserves? The paper discusses competing interests between the “forever wild” provision and that of historic preservation through examination of the legislative history, administrative and judicial action. The paper also contemplates a constitutional convention for the purposes of amending Article XIV to accommodate historic preservation along with other contemporary interests.