Adrienne Paule


Excluding glaciers and icecaps, groundwater accounts for ninety percent of the world's usable fresh water resources. The integrity of this precious resource is an international concern since groundwater naturally flows across international borders. This Comment examines the present legal avenues in the United States and Mexico for the protection of groundwater that flows between these two countries. Additionally, this Comment examines the impact of environmental laws on groundwater, the bilateral agreements between the United States and Mexico, and the pollution and enforcement problems at the borderlands. The author concludes by suggesting a solution aimed at rectifying the deficient protection of the groundwater between the United States and Mexico. This solution calls for a bilateral treaty between the two countries, the establishment of a joint commission to protect groundwater, and legislation which holds polluters strictly libel for groundwater pollution and compels polluters to pay for purification costs of groundwater and aqueducts.