On March 31, 2014, the New York State Legislature significantly modified New York's Environmental Conservation Law. The Environmental Conservation Law imposes limitations on the discharge of longbows. A longbow is defined by New York's Department of Environmental Conservation as “a longbow, recurve bow or compound bow which is designed to be used by holding the bow at arm's length, with arrow on the string, and which is drawn, pulled and released by hand or with the aid of a hand-held trigger device attached to the bowstring.”

Before the 2014 amendment, longbows could not be discharged in such a way that an arrow passes over a road or within 500 feet of a dwelling, except with the consent of the owner of such dwelling. The 2014 amendment reduced this 500-foot setback to 150 feet, making New York's rule generally consistent with that of neighboring states. This is a radical difference: a circle with a 500 foot radius has an area of slightly over 18 acres while a circle with a 150 foot radius has an area of slightly over 1.6 acres.